Urological Disorders - Diseases / Malignant and Benign Prostate Gland Diseases



Malignant and Benign Prostate Gland Diseases:

The normal size of prostate in a young man is about the size of a walnut, which is positioned between the bladder and urethra, and covers the urinary track like a ring around it.
Prostate is made of different tissues, such as; muscles, secretory glands & connective tissues.
Prostate gland would release a milky color liquid at the time of ejaculation, stimulating sperms’ movement.  
The most important prostate diseases are; infection of the gland, cancer and benign enlargement of prostate.
Generally, around the age of 40, prostate would start getting bigger in size, without any noticeable sings, but eventually would tighten the urinary track, causing frequent urination, urine residue in bladder and also reduces the urine flow.
For the treatment of benign enlargement of prostate, first herbal medicines and next prescription drugs are suggested, if not successful, an operation would be recommended.   

Prostate cancer is considered the most common form of cancer among men, even more prevalent than lung and colon cancer. 
Unfortunately, at the beginning, prostate cancer has no visible signs, only when the cancer has spread considerably in the body.
It must be emphasized that prevention is one of the most important responsibilities of the men over 45 years of age.     

Based on the patient’s general condition and age, the following treatments are recommended:

  1. Prostate radical surgery
  2. Radiotherapy
  3. Hormone therapy
  4. All 3 treatment methods  
In general, chemotherapy is recommended only if the prostate cancer is in its advanced stages, and can not be controlled by the mentioned treatment methods.